Electric Fields and Surface Fermi Level in Undoped GaN/AlN Two‐Dimensional Hole Gas Heterostructures

Published In:
physica status solidi (RRL) – Rapid Research Letters
Volume: 15
Issue: 4
Publication Date: Feb 18, 2021
Authors: Łukasz Janicki, Reet Chaudhuri, Samuel James Bader, Huili Grace Xing, Debdeep Jena, Robert Kudrawiec

DOI: 10.1002/pssr.202000573


Undoped GaN/AlN heterostructures with a high‐density 2D hole gas (2DHG) have recently been reported, demonstrating that holes can be generated in GaN without magnesium (Mg) doping. The presence of the high‐density 2DHG in these GaN/AlN heterostructures is expected to result from huge internal polarization fields. Herein, modulation spectroscopy is applied to analyze the built‐in electric fields in the top GaN layer of molecular beam epitaxy (MBE)‐grown GaN/AlN heterostructures with a buried 2DHG using contactless electroreflectance (CER). Experimentally obtained electric field values are compared with self‐consistent Schrödinger–Poisson energy band calculations of the GaN/AlN structures. This coupled experimental and theoretical analysis determines that the Fermi level at the GaN surface is located at ≈1.9 above the valence band (i.e., roughly in the middle of the bandgap)—for structures with undoped and Mg‐doped GaN. Finally, the comparison of calculated 2DHG concentrations in the structures under study with values determined from Hall effect measurements shows excellent agreement further strengthening the result.

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